Horizontal joints of internal walls and ceilings (W-70): a) resting the ceilings on the load-bearing wall, b) resting the ceilings on the stiffening wall; 1 - interior wall elements, 2 - floor slabs, 3 - rectifying screw, 4 - concrete, 5 - cement mortar, 6 - steel loops, 7 - steel buckles, 8 - reinforcement in the form of a ladder, 9 - protruding "paws".
W-70 system connectors
The figure shows the connection of floor slabs with the internal load-bearing wall. On these connectors, on a section equal to the thickness of the ceiling, the main part of the vertical forces was transferred via the concrete of the rim, with only a small share of the ends of the floor slabs. This was achieved by supporting the ceilings in the joint via protruding brackets that were an extension of the ribs of the floor slabs.. At the same time, these brackets facilitated the use of forced assembly of internal structural walls on rectifying screws, that passed through the wreath in the spaces between the supports. The width of the brackets in the places of contact with the wall was 9 cm, and the support length of the brackets on the wall 6,5 cm.
The floor slabs were placed on the wall with a layer of mortar thick 1,5 cm. The wall plate of the upper storey rested on the rim via a thick mortar layer 3,5 cm, placed in a horizontal joint by tamping. When tamping the mortar, the wall panel of the upper storey rested on the nuts of the rectification screws protruding from the wall slab of the lower storey. After the mortar has hardened, the nuts unscrewed a bit, so that the load is transferred to the crown only through the layer of tamped mortar.
In the figure, a walls are perpendicular to the floor slabs, and to the line. b - in parallel.
The periphery of the walls had cutouts - holes at a height, thanks to which a better connection was obtained for the transfer of tangential forces occurring in the joints.
Horizontal joints of external load-bearing expanded clay walls (W-70): a) on the repeatable storey level, b) in the level of the ceiling above the last floor, c) in the level of the storey ceiling when the walls are parallel to the ceiling; 1 - external wall, 2 - inner wall, 3 - ceiling slab, 4 - filling concrete, 5 - reinforcement protruding from the plates, 6 - joint reinforcement, 7 - rectifying screw, 8 - cement mortar, 9 - thick polystyrene 3 cm, 10 - attic wall, 11 - openwork wall of the attic supporting the roof panels, 12 - roof plate, 13 - sealing, 14 - sheet metal drip, 15 - elastic insert.
Horizontal joints of multi-layer external walls (W-70): a) in the floor level of the repeating storey, b) in the level of the ceiling above the basement, c) in the curtain wall at the ceiling level of the repeating storey; 1 - texture layer, 2 - polystyrene insulation layer, 3 - construction layer, 4 - floor element, 5 - loop released from the floor slab, 6 - joint reinforcement, 7 - filling concrete, 8 - cement mortar, 9 - thick polystyrene insert 3 cm, 10 - polocell roller, 11 - sheet metal drip, 12 - monolithic basement wall, 13 - decompression channel, 14 - polycell elastic insole, 15 - rectifying screw.
Horizontal joints of external walls: a) load-bearing wall, b) wall joint at the floor level, repeatable storey, c) wall joint at the level of the basement ceiling; 1 - concrete, 2 - Styrofoam, 3 - neoprene or polyurethane, 4 - mortar.